Birds and planes don’t mix, as was demonstrated strikingly three years ago when Canada geese were sucked into both engines of a USAir flight from LaGuardia, forcing the plane into the Hudson River. But it turns out that a more benign interaction, using ultralight planes to teach endangered whooping cranes their migration route, has its complications, too.
For 11 years, conservationists have used ultralights to guide the birds from Michigan to Florida. The birds are essentially orphans, raised in captivity without parents, but if they can be shown the 1,200-mile route once, they will find their way back to Michigan the following fall on their own, and fly unescorted for the rest of their lives.
The idea is a bit weird; the pilots dress up to look like birds so the fledglings will be “imprinted” with them. But everybody seems to like it; this year’s trip is underwritten in part by Southern Company, the big utility.
But now it turns out that some of these do-gooder flights face a legal challenge.
The Federal Aviation Administration classifies the ultralights as “light sport aircraft,” a category with simplified licensing rules. Such aircraft can carry only one or two people, cannot fly in congested areas and cannot fly for hire, among other restrictions.
The question is, are the pilots flying for hire?
David Sakrison, a member of the board of directors of Operation Migration and a spokesman for the group, said that it owns three ultralights. There are three pilots, all employees of the group, and nearly all of their work was on the ground, he added. The birds fly only an hour or two a day, not every day, and the pilots are volunteering their time in the air, he said.
The Flight Standards District Office in Minneapolis, an enforcement office of the Federal Aviation Administration, always accepted that explanation, he said, until last year, when two complaints were lodged.
A spokesman for the F.A.A., Lynn Lunsford, said his agency had to investigate once the complaints had been received. If it determines that this is work for hire, he said, the pilots would need commercial licenses. And no ultralights have been approved thus far as commercial aircraft, he said.
The agency is considering whether it could grant an exemption but does not know how long this process would take, he said.
While the F.A.A. sorts this out, Operation Migration said in a blog post, the birds are being safely kept in a pen in Franklin County, Ala. Precise timing is not critical, Mr. Sakrison said; the trip usually takes about two and a half months.
The birds only fly in the morning, in calm air, covering 25 to 50 miles on the days that they fly, when weather allows.
But if the dispute goes on long enough, Operation Migration may end up trucking the birds to Florida. They are still about 500 miles short of their wintering grounds.
While this particular migration program has not had any safety problems, Mr. Sakrison said, a similar one has, with the cranes getting tangled in the ultralights.
As Mr. Lunsford put it, “Birds are the last ones to follow air traffic restrictions.”
He said that Operation Migration had halted its operations “once we informed them of the potential issues.”
“We’re working to see if there’s a way they can continue with what they’re doing,” he said, adding, “We’re not holding them to any different standard than we would any other pilot.”
Here’s a video of an early-morning takeoff of an Operation Migration flight:
This post was written by Matthew L. Wald and published in the New York Times.
You may also like:
Leave a Comment
Top-Viewed Posts Last 30 Days
- POLL: Should the trophy hunting of giraffes be banned? » [1765 Views]
- Shot Egyptian vulture leads conservationists to bizarre black-market for bird parts » [687 Views]
- Join the 1st World Giraffe Day and help save these gentle giants » [627 Views]
- Cuckoos’ shameless egg-laying tactics revealed » [463 Views]
- POLL: Should the Slaughter of Grouse be allowed to continue? » [441 Views]
- Albatross Internet Darling Takes First Flight » [372 Views]
- Software can decode bird songs » [364 Views]
- Pelagornis sandersi: Paleontologist Discovers Largest-Ever Flying Bird » [320 Views]
- Monkeys use field scientists as human shields against predators » [299 Views]
- Widespread impacts of neonicotinoids ‘impossible to deny’ » [298 Views]
Top-Viewed Posts Last 12 Months
- POLL: Should the Slaughter of Grouse be allowed to continue? » [33757 Views]
- POLL: Should bear hunting be banned in the US? » [28024 Views]
- POLL: Should China’s shameful tiger farms be closed down? » [12108 Views]
- Petition: Stop Lion Canned Hunting in South Africa – Shocking Video » [9899 Views]
- POLL: Should the Faroe Islands’ whale slaughter be allowed to continue? » [7882 Views]
- POLL: Should the fox-hunting laws in the UK be relaxed? » [7000 Views]
- Trophy Hunting in Africa – Wildlife Slaughter in Graphic Images » [5583 Views]
- POLL: Should the Dolphin Slaughter in Taiji Cove be stopped? » [5271 Views]
- Wildlife Photography – Ethics and Conservation Issues? » [5122 Views]
- Komodo and its Dragons » [4535 Views]