Botswana condemned for lifting ban on hunting elephants

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Conservationists have reacted with outrage and concern to a decision by to lift its ban on elephant hunting.

The southern African country said the move was justified by an increase in population and its impact on farmers’ livelihoods.

A group of elephants in the Kwedi area of the in Botswana. Photograph: Gernot Hensel/EPA

“The whole world is turning away from hunting. It is increasingly seen as an archaic practice. This is very, very damaging to the image of Botswana as a global leader in elephant conservation,” said Dr Paula Kahumbu, an expert and activist based in Kenya.

Others called the decision “disappointing”.

The former president Ian Khama, a keen environmentalist, introduced a prohibition on elephant hunting in the southern African country in 2014.

But lawmakers from the ruling Botswana Democratic party (BDP) have been lobbying to overturn the ban, saying numbers of the animals have become unmanageable in some areas.

The current president, Mokgweetsi Masisi, took over from Khama last year and a public review began five months later, with reports suggesting growing political friction between Masisi and his predecessor.

The country’s environment ministry said in a statement that a cabinet committee review found that “the number and high levels of human-elephant conflict and the consequent impact on livelihoods was increasing.”.

“The general consensus from those consulted was that the hunting ban should be lifted,” it added, vowing that hunting would be restarted “in an orderly and ethical manner”.

Botswana has the largest elephant population in Africa, with more than 135,000 roaming freely in its unfenced parks and wide open spaces.

Some experts say the number of elephants in the country, renowned as a luxury safari destination, has almost tripled over the last 30 years, and that the population could now be more than 160,000.

Farmers struggle to keep elephants out of their fields, where they eat crops and can kill people, making the move to lift the hunting ban a potential vote winner among rural communities in the run-up to elections in October.

Experts say the move would be counterproductive as hunting elephants makes them fearful and aggressive, exacerbating conflict with local communities.

There are also widespread concerns among environmentalists that Botswana’s decision is a precursor to a concerted effort to allow to be bought and sold.

This would be have a “catastrophic effect on elephants across Africa”, Kahumbu said.

Many of Botswana’s elephants roam across borders into Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

All four countries have called for a global ban on the elephant to be relaxed due to the growing number of the animals in some regions.

“We cannot continue to be spectators while others debate and take decisions about our elephants,” Masisi told a meeting of the countries’ presidents this month in Botswana.

While elephant numbers have increased in some areas, over the past decade the population of elephants across Africa has fallen by about 111,000 to 415,000, largely due to poaching for ivory, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Zimbabwe said this month it had sold nearly 100 elephants to China and Dubai for a total price of $2.7m over six years, due to overpopulation.

According to Zimbabwe’s ministry of information, it is almost 13 years since the country’s last commercial sale of ivory. “Our ivory stockpile is worth over $300m [£235m], which we can’t sell because countries without elephants are telling those with them what to do with their animals,” Nick Mangwana, the ministry’s permanent secretary, said.

Zimbabwe will also make a separate appeal at the conference for permission to sell some of its elephants, as conflict between people and wildlife escalates.

The country has a booming elephant population, which is increasingly coming into contact with people. About 200 people have died from elephant attacks in the past five years.

Botswana last year rejected claims by a leading conservation charity that there had been a surge in elephant poaching.

The , lion and hippo appear on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) “red list” of animals at risk of extinction, and needing greater .

This article was first published by The Guardian on 23 May 2019.


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Janet Kenedy





They need to be more than condemned, the men who lifted the ban need to be shot.


If you are landowner in Africa and the wildlife has no value to you and is destroying your crops you are either going to kill the wildlife or be happy for them to be killed. Solution: – allow sustainable hunting and the landowner will assist wildlife conservation and earn far more than he does from subsistence farming. In South Africa there is an estimated 13 million wild animals on private land earning the landowner a good revenue from hunting. The anti-hunting community will prevail and finally there will be 13 million domestic livestock causing desertification of the land. Of course,… Read more »

M Leybra
M Leybra

No wildlife ‘either’ way between hunting and loss of habitat. “It will be blamed on climate change” But of course because climate change ‘is’ people, don’t have one without the other and the more people, the more climate change.

Karen Lyons Kalmenson

Heartless,thoughtless, cruel and all too human.


An end to it. Shocking.

M Leybra
M Leybra

In 2009 Africa’s human population reached 1 billion. By 2050 it’s expected to rise from 1.2 billion today, to 2.5 billion. There’s no room for elephants, if not today for sure not 35 years from now.