Peruvian night monkey threatened by vanishing forests, lost corridors

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The Peruvian night monkey (Aotus miconax) is one of the world’s least known primates, having never been studied in the wild–until now. Found only in the cloud forests of northern Peru, a group of scientists with Neotropical Primate Conservation and the National University of Mayor San Marcos have spent 12 months following a single group of this enigmatic monkey species in a small forest patch. The results of their research, published in mongabay.com’s open access journal Tropical Conservation Science, shows that protecting forests, even small forest fragments, is vital to the species’ survival.

Adult Peruvian night monkey. Photo by: Jean Paul Perret/NPC.

Currently, the IUCN Red Lists categorizes the Peruvian night monkey as Vulnerable, however the scientists write in their paper that the IUCN is “underestimating habitat loss and fragmentation” and the species more closely fits Endangered.

“It is only known from collection localities in the departments of Amazonas, Huánuco and San Martin. These same departments have some of the highest deforestation rates in Peru,” the researchers explains. “Deforestation in the area is fueled by immigration of people from the central and northern highlands looking for land for agriculture, cattle ranching and timber extraction.”

On the bright side, the researchers found that the species is capable of surviving in highly-fragmented forest. They followed a family group of six making-do in a single forest fragment only 1.4 hectares (3.4 acres) large.

“The study group has one of the smallest home ranges recorded for a night monkey group, probably the result of its isolated habitat,” the researchers write.

They recorded that the Peruvian night monkey group spent more time traveling and foraging than other species of night monkey, and theorize that this may be in response to their degraded habitat or in keeping warm in a colder environment. They also documented the group leaving the forest patch from time-to-time, probably necessary for survival.

“The continued presence and reproduction of [the Peruvian night monkey] in this heavily disturbed area suggests that the species is able to survive in isolated habitat close to human settlement; therefore the conservation of forest fragments is of importance,” the researchers conclude. “Special emphasis should be made in preserving connectivity to allow genetic flow between groups.” Forest corridors are needed to link up disparate groups, insuring that Peruvian night monkeys don’t begin suffering from in-breeding.

There are currently eleven night monkey species known in South America, all of them in the Aotus genus. They are the world’s only truly nocturnal monkeys.

CITATION: Shanee, S., Allgas, N., and Shanee, N. 2013. Preliminary observations on the behavior and ecology of the Peruvian night monkey (Aotus miconax: Primates) in a remnant cloud forest patch, north eastern Peru. Tropical Conservation Science Vol. 6(1):138-148.
Read more at http://news.mongabay.com/2013/0318-hance-tcs-peruvian-night-monkey.html

Read more at http://news.mongabay.com/2013/0318-hance-tcs-peruvian-night-monkey.html#7tbJ38oQxgdt5ig8.99

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Supertrooper

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Jane Mcconnell
Jane Mcconnell

what’s going on with the ‘pin’ it option. Now I cant save images to act as screensavers. This is a huge loss.

Ken_Billington

Jane, try “right-clicking” on the image and “open link in new tab”. The image will open in a new tab, and then you can “right click” and “save image as” as you were able to do before. Hope this helps. Please confirm.

Jane Mcconnell
Jane Mcconnell

thanks that works, using thes epictures as my screensavers at work just always brings a smile to my face and have coworkers commenting on their beauty. These photographers are such wildlife ambassadors.

Ken_Billington

Jane, great that you and your colleagues enjoy the images and the articles posted on our blog.

Susan Lee

Just the capabilities of surviving single lifetimes cannot mean survival of species if the various family groups are unable to interact with one another. I hope the local human population gains more compassion for their fellow creatures than they're currently displaying, but that's a very slim hope, isn't it?