POLL: Should the slaughter of birds in southern Europe be stopped?

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Rare and beautiful birds – including the national bird of Britain – are being illegally shot dead for fun or trapped before being plucked, skinned and eaten – or simply discarded.

Across southern Europe and North Africa birds are dying at rates that are driving endangered species to the brink of extinction.

From the lawless deserts of war-torn Syria to the cypress-lined fields of Italy, vast numbers are being killed.

Robins are being killed illegally then plucked, skinned and eaten
Robins are being killed illegally then plucked, skinned and eaten

Many of the wretched victims are shot dead or trapped in nets en-route to Britain’s back gardens.

A map showing the numbers of birds killed illegally each year across the region

For the first time, the appalling levels of bird slaughter have been laid bare by a detailed scientific review.

The study – poignantly headlined The Killing – has been carried out by BirdLife International and and breaks down the killings, country-by-country across the region, pointing at the worst culprits and highlighting the species suffering the most.

A robin killed by an illegal trap in Italy – Photo copyright CABS
Italy is one of the worst offenders on the great migration flyway between Africa and Eurasia. But worst of all is Egypt, where 5.7 million birds are illegally killed each year. It is followed by Syria and Lebanon with 3.9 million and 2.6 million birds killed, respectively.

A ‘typical daily haul’ of dead robins from just one illegal trap in Italy – Photo by CABS
Cyprus has a death toll of 2.3 million dead birds; Greece 704,000 France, Croatia and Libya, all around 500,000 each, and Albania 265,000. As well as our robin, bird species suffering the worst death tolls are chaffinches, blackcaps, quail, song thrushes, calandra larks and skylarks.
The stunning beautiful golden oriole is also being targeted because its flesh can be sold in Middle Eastern markets where it regarded as cure for impotency. And birds of prey, including eagles, have been shot as they cross Mediterranean islands because of local traditions that killing one will ‘stop a man being cuckolded’.

The golden oriole is being killed in massive numbers – Photo N&S

BirdLife International chief executive Patricia Zurita, said: “This review shows the gruesome extent to which birds are being killed illegally in the Mediterranean. Populations of some species that were once abundant in Europe are declining, with a number even in free-fall and disappearing altogether.”Our birds deserve safer flyways and we want conservation efforts to be increased now, before it’s too late.”

Tim Stowe, international director at the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, added: “The illegal killing of tens of millions of birds around the Mediterranean, highlighted in this report, is a source of lasting shame.“It’s time that action is taken to put an end to the killing, especially in the European Union where nature laws should be protecting vulnerable species.

“If properly implemented and enforced, the EU Birds Directive would provide the necessary protection for a number of birds that feature in this report, and in time reduce the needless illegal killing.

“We have seen positive steps taken this year to reduce the rate of illegal killing of birds, in places such as the Dhekelia British Sovereign Base Area, Cyprus. Now we need to put pressure on the rest of the EU to follow this example to ensure safer flyways for birds migrating between continents.”

A startled owl has its wings trapped on a ‘limestick’ in Greece before being killed – Photo CABS

The Committee Against Bird Slaughter (CABS) runs regular bird migration camps in Italy, France and Spain and on Cyprus and Malta, yielding tens of thousands of confiscated illegal traps and nets. Working with police units and wardens, it also catches hundreds of poachers red-handed every year.

It warns that in EGYPT an estimated 5.7 million birds are killed illegally each year, making this country the most dangerous place for migratory birds in the Mediterranean. Indiscriminate hunting has become commonplace with a large number of migratory species caught as illegal incidental catches during legal trapping of quail. House sparrow, common coot, red-backed shrike and Eurasian golden oriole are illegally killed in large numbers.

Meanwhile, in ITALY an estimated 5.6 million birds are killed illegally each year. In the Brescia Alps, birds are trapped in tension snares, where many die of thirst or exhaustion. Migrant birds caught in nets are sometimes used to trap other birds: they are kept in the dark and released into daylight only in autumn. They mistake this for spring and then sing, attracting even more birds to the trap. Birds hunted in the Sulcis district are sold at high prices to restaurants and other private dealers to be consumed. Large numbers of chaffinch, meadow pipit and song thrush are killed in Italy.

SYRIA is located on the second most important avian flyway in the world, which poses a serious issue given the lack of enforcement of hunting laws in the country, making it an ideal place for illegal hunters from around the region. Hunting has always been a traditional pastime; however, it has now become widespread and indiscriminate. In general, there has been a severe decline in the number of wild animals in Syria. A hunting ban exists in the country, but lack of enforcement has led to a new generation of amateur shooters who lack basic hunting skills and ethics and do not respect good hunting practice and etiquette. Rather than being a problem in specific areas, illegal killing of birds is a countrywide issue. Blackcap, common whitethroat and skylark are killed illegally in large numbers for food, which is sold in markets. Others are caught to be kept as cage pets and in many cases, killed for “sport”.

Stuart Winter rescuse a bird trapped in an illegal net – Photo CABS

LEBANON: Located on the same important flyway as Syria, Lebanon is a strategic location for migratory birds. Unfortunately, widespread problems with the illegal killing of birds exist across the country. Normalised in society, illegal shooting and trapping has become an extremely popular pastime in Lebanon. As a result, the mean estimated number of illegally killed birds in Lebanon is more than 2,600,000 annually.

CYPRUS: The Famagusta district of Cyprus is seen as the worst in the Mediterranean area for the mean estimated number of illegally killed birds each year. Geographically, Cyprus is a key stopover location for many migratory birds on their route across the sea. Unfortunately, birds tend to concentrate in particular parts of the island when leaving or arriving on migration, thus making things easier for those engaged in illegal killing. Laws forbidding trapping have been in place since 1974, but these are frequently flouted. Audio equipment is used, illegally, to broadcast birdsong and attract birds to trapping locations. Many birds are illegally sold as ‘delicacies’ for consumption – in particular, blackcap , song thrush, lesser whitethroat and common chiffchaff. The Akrotiri and Dhekelia areas are controlled as British military bases by the UK. BirdLife Cyprus finalised a National Strategic Action Plan to tackle the illegal killing of birds, which was also adopted by the British Sovereign Base Areas.

GREECE: The mean estimated number of illegally killed birds each year in Greece exceeds 704,000. On average, more than five birds are reported to be illegally killed each year for every square kilometre. Presently, of the 345 species of birds assessed in Greece, 32 per cent of species are being killed illegally in significant numbers. Greece is among the three worst countries for the illegal killing of European turtle dove. Moreover, European goldfinch, European serin, European greenfinch and greater short-toed lark are caught in large numbers to be illegally sold as cagebirds. Greece is also among the top three countries that illegally kill Dalmatian pelican.

FRANCE: In France, an estimated 149,000 to 895,000 birds are illegally killed each year. In the name of tradition, many regions get away with illegally trapping small birds with many non-target species getting caught in the process. Trapping is the predominant form of illegal killing of birds in France. Of the 349 species of birds assessed in France, around 32 per cent of them are killed illegally in significant numbers.Eurasian chaffinch, European robin and ortolan bunting are killed in large numbers. The ortolan bunting is known for being served as an expensive “delicacy” – it was a rite of passage for centuries for French gourmets to eat this bird. Despite its illegality, capture of the species is tolerated.

Meanwhile in CROATIA the mean number of birds killed illegally in Croatia is estimated to be more than 500,000 each year, with nearly ten birds killed annually per square kilometre. Of the 306 species of birds assessed in Croatia, around 32 per cent of these being killed illegally in significant numbers. The common coot is reported to be highly impacted by illegal killing in Croatia, with the country among the worst three in the region for the illegal killing of this species. One of the major issues to tackle is the use of illegal methods during open season. For example, common quail and waterfowl are illegally killed using tape lures.

LIBYA: It is estimated that around half a million birds are killed illegally each year in Libya. Of the Mediterranean countries, Libya is the only one currently without any legal framework to regulate hunting and trapping and prevent illegal killing. In terms of numbers, of the 266 species of birds assessed in Libya, 23 per cent were reported to be killed illegally in significant numbers. The country is among the three worst for the killing of African houbara, which is listed by BirdLife as ‘Vulnerable’ on the IUCN Red List.

ALBANIA: The mean estimated number of individual birds illegally killed in Albania is around 265,000 annually. This is much lower than the nine countries above it in the list, but still enough for the Balkan nation to make it into the top ten countries. Despite its lower overall figure, the estimated mean number of individual birds killed illegally is more than nine per square kilometre each year. Of the 296 species of birds assessed in Albania, some 32 per cent are killed illegally in significant numbers. Eurasian skylark and Eurasian blackbird are illegally shot and European goldfinch are trapped in large numbers.

This article was first published by The Express on 22 Aug 2015.


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David Milsom

Only if people are desperate for food should this killing occur. France, Italy, Cyprus, Greece, etc. have no excuse.

Elisabetta Tartaglia

stop aux massacres de tous les especes

Stef Kiki Gatti Linger

Honteux !!!!!
Bande de monstres.

Donatella Saiani

E' inammissibile che nel terzo millennio la gente vada in giro armata a uccidere creature innocenti, e spesso a uccidersi a vicenda, come leggiamo ogni giorno sui giornali. Odio la caccia, odio la pesca, odio il maltrattamento e l'abuso sugli animali.

Brigitte Dubois

horrible indignee sa me revolte

Evhane Beluga

des monstres qui proliferent de par le monde et qui menacent les oiseaux bande de salauds

Antoine Barreau
Daisyrose Green

These people will never be ashamed of themselves for this crime… so its OUR job to be ashamed of THEM and stop them NOW before we lose bird species

Neil Wilson

Bastards !!

Jane Rose

Seriously……There is nothing on this planet that man doesn't ruin…..I'm ashamed!!

Tara Wikramanayake

And this is supposed to be the "civilised' part of world while those in Asia and Africa and even parts of South America are considered barbarians. What a disgusting and depraved way to derive pleasure.

Susan Mccance

This is just disgusting. Man knows no limits when it comes to bloodshed of innocents. I am appalled. Animal welfare laws should be introduced to protect wildlife and those found breaking the laws should be prosecuted heavily.

Rita De Ferrary

I couldn't believe it when the article said these tiny birds are sold in middle eastern markets to cure impotency. The world is overpopulated with humans, and the EU is appeasing the hunters, trappers, and otherwise destructive humans causing havoc and extinction.

Sharon Barratt

To kill these beautiful birds is digusting needs to be stopped vile cruel more still penalties ???

Janet Dunn

Stop it at once it is cruel

Georgina Burns

Of course it should be stopped.

Pramod Gopalkrishnan

Yes

Griff Bee

How barbaric…

Wes Serafin

This îs so heart breaking every time I read it.

Steve Gent

As it is illegal, then of course

Eva Hajo

Människor är äckliga…

Paula Rock

The slaughter of any species is wrong, no matter what that species is.

Josie Hewitt

Does that question even need asking? Of course it should be – abhorrent that such activities still persist!

Pauline Fisher

The beauty of the first picture and the horror of the second is all you need to see and then ask why, why why.

Linda French

digusting – EU needs to get off their butts and do something! Enforce fines, jail time whatever is required, all I hear is a bunch of crap on what is going on, but I do not see anybody doing anything about it!

Karen Crawford

98% of the people polled agree that the slaughter of birds in southern Europe needs to be stopped. To kill these beautiful birds in such horrific ways is just beyond disgusting and the height of cruelty. Whatever it takes this must stop !

Susan Frudd

I don't think some of the people that commit such crimes want to be educated that's the worry…as you say Diane what do we do…I am sickened and saddened by all of it. David Cameron does not care he is busy out hunting and is all for the badger cull….every animal seems under threat of death one way or another…Raptors, hares all threatened and the hedgehogs and many species of garden birds declining…all makes for depressing reading. Good idea Simon tell Greece no bail out…but would it be then a cry that their human rights are being comprimised….animals have rights… Read more »

Leigh Lofgren

When does man stop killing? This is so disgusting, inhumane and more – must be stopped and stiff penalties given to those who kill these birds

Jutta Maue Kay

You need to ask?

Rob Tyrer

Cruel bastards

Kurt Rusek

Kdy to skončí?

Karen Lyons Kalmenson

how cruel, ignorant, stupid and utterly heartless our so called superior species can be….

wake up and put an e on human…as in HUMANE!!!

Theresa Kemp

I have in recent years noticed a sharp decline in the birds visiting my garden. I used to go through a sack of bird seed a week, now I have feeders hanging and standing full up but never touched. I thought it was the slow influx of the seagulls …. but after reading this I am now not so sure. What a shame it is to lose all these beautiful birds that enhance our living space via sight and sound. On another side though, in days now logged in history, nature was as cruel as it was beautiful and it… Read more »

Simon Tucker

Diane: at least on the European side of the problem this has nothing to do with poverty, it is to do with machismo and the hunting tradition. Each country in the EU needs to be fined and fined again until it stops. Greece should be told no additional economic bail-out help until they rein in what happens at home and on Cyprus (where the trapping is primarily from the Greek Cypriot community). The poll is, as so many are, self-evident (apart from the usual 4 psychos).

Simon Tucker

Diane: at least on the European side of the problem this has nothing to do with poverty, it is to do with machismo and the hunting tradition. Each country in the EU needs to be fined and fined again until it stops. Greece should be told no additional economic bail-out help until they rein in what happens at home and on Cyprus (where the trapping is primarily from the Greek Cypriot community). The poll is, as so many are, self-evident (apart from the usual 4 psychos).

Helios Dalmau

You have forgot Spain. In some sectors of Mediterranean coast still are used glue-stick traps. And some bars of the Southern half offer small birds like a "tipical" dish.

Diane Porter

It's easy to say such killing should stop. The question is how to stop it. How to end poverty and ignorance. Big question.

Deepak Kumar

Must be. Very critical for earth survival.

Michele Grainger

Absolutely !

Darren Jessup

Yes it does need to be stopped before our birds are all made anther species made extinct by all the scum that do this !

Suzanna van Houwelingen

All birds should be free to fly where they want to. Stop killing these beautiful birds. Chickens are bred to be eaten, so please just eat your chicken. Yes you have to pay for a chicken and birds are free. (so just breed your ownchickens), Just give it a thought that these beautiful birds could become extinct, we DO NOT want that to happen.

Yvonne Olausson

Fy vad hemskt

Nancy DeWitt

Of course.