White-throated Dipper (Cinclus cinclus) in Germany

White-throated Dipper (Cinclus cinclus) in Germany

I’ve always been fond of dippers ever since I went on my first Cub Scout camp with my older brother to the River Tweed at Drumelzier, Biggar, Scotland.

We had seen dippers before but these seemed really tame but we later found out they were nesting under the bridge right beside our camp as was a pair of Grey Wagtails. Happy memories.

The white-throated dipper (Cinclus cinclus), also known as the European dipper or just dipper, is an aquatic passerine bird found in Europe, Middle East, Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent.

Black bellied Dipper w 3543
These lovely birds have super-rapid wingbeats and fly quite fast low across the water.

white throated dipper map

The white-throated dipper C. cinclus has the widest distribution, and also the most fragmented populations of this species.

Black bellied Dipper nictating mebrane w 3735

Dippers have almost black coloured eyes and their nictating membrane is white and presumably completely opaque.

A note about populations and movement

The bird is common in suitable habitats in a widespread but discontinuous range. Breeds in Ireland and north and west Britain, Spain and north Portugal and from southern and eastern France and Italy to the Balkans and Greece. In the north found in central Denmark and throughout Norway and Sweden, north Finland and the southern half of the Kola Peninsula. Isolated pockets in south Finland and the Baltic States, in parts of north Russiaand in the Urals. In the south breeds in the Caucasus and much of Turkey, in the Lebanon and in Morocco and north Algeria and in the Mediterranean on Corsica, possibly Sardinia, and Sicily, formerly also Cyprus. Has bred in the Netherlands. Most populations are basically resident but many make short-distance dispersal movements in autumn usually to lower altitudes. In the far north where waters become frozen makes longer movements and partially migratory leaving breeding areas in October-November and returning in March.

Black bellied Dipper flight Germany w 3741
Side view and even photographed at 1/2500 sec. the wings are still blurred.
Dipper bubbles w 8584
Standing above one pool that seems to be a productive feeding spot!
Black bellied Dipper w 9443
A side view of the dipper on one favourite perch
Dipper calling w 8579
Singing! You can listen to it’s song here.

Dipper taking off over river w 8587

European%2BDipper flight w 4950

Dipper w 8515
Dejected look? No the bird’s just thinking about why I’m still handing around watching it…
European%2BDipper flight w 5149
With this and the next photo, you can see how the water depth and surface reflective light affects the bird’s plumage. Same bird, different stretch of river.
European%2BDipper flight w 4952
Add caption
European%2BDipper flight w 5154
Braking – flaps down…
European%2BDipper flight w 5153
Smallish wings fully stretched and you can see why they have such rapid wingbeats!
European%2BDipper flight w 5156
Banking left
European%2BDipper w 4935
Surfacing with food

Here’s a little film of a dipper feeding

White throated dipper pulli 8313

European%2BDipper w 5095

White throated Dipper 9364

There’s more information appearing on the web all the time and although this is an older paper, there are some remarks which are interesting.

Abstract: ©Beatrice Lauga, Christine Cagnon, Frank D’Amico, Solange Karama, Claude Mouches, Phylo-geography of the White-throated DipperCinclus cinclusin Europe. 2005.

Note:The lack of a phylo-geographic pattern related to the subspecies distribution in Europe indicates that the infra-specific taxonomy of white-throated dipper is in need of revision.Dipper subspecies have been essentially described based on size and plumage coloration or geographical distribution. However, variations of morphological characters may also be due to phenotypic and environmental plasticity.

Abstract: ©Beatrice Lauga, Christine Cagnon, Frank D’Amico, Solange Karama, Claude Mouches, Phylo-geography of the White-throated DipperCinclus cinclusin Europe. 2005.

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Stephen Daly

Stephen Daly

Stephen Daly, has been birding since he was eight years old in his native Scotland. After living in Germany and France he established Andalucian Guides the successful birding and wildlife tour company on The Strait of Gibraltar in Spain and has been living here since 2001. Photographing birds in flight is one passion and his photos can be found in many books, magazines and journals. Studying bird behaviour and bird migration are two other positive aspects of being based on one of the busiest migration routes on Earth.

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