Poachers enlisting impoverished wildlife rangers as accomplices in elephant, rhino killing

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among rangers is becoming a serious impediment in the fight against poaching, fuelled by soaring levels of cash offered by criminal poacher syndicates, senior conservation chiefs have admitted. Rangers in countries as diverse as and are being bribed by increasingly organised poaching gangs keen to supply , rhino horn and tiger parts to meet huge consumer demand in .

Defensive in Tanzania, where experts say corrupt wildlife rangers have helped poachers decimate the nation’s for the black market ivory trade. Photo by: Rhett A. Butler.

“It’s as bad as I’ve known it. If rangers aren’t getting enough remuneration, they can be corrupted. In Cambodia, for example, rangers were being paid $100 a month and that was cut to $30 a month by the . What do you do if you want to feed your family?”

While rangers in many countries remain chronically underfunded, with Willmore claiming that a lack of proper equipment and training is rife in poaching hotspots, the rewards for turning a blind eye to the illegal killing of and elephants have never been higher.

The standard “bush” market value of ivory is $300 per kilogramme, meaning that a 30kg haul from a single elephant can bring in $9,000. From this, a ranger that turns a blind eye can get a cut of $2,000 – far more than his or her standard salary.

The situation is particularly dire in Tanzania, which is losing around 70 elephants a day to poachers. The country has seen around half of its elephants slaughtered in just the last three years.

Willmore said that corruption in the country is “systematic”. Last year, the government minister and top officials at Tanzania’s Wildlife Department were fired for taking bribes for the assignment of hunting blocs and, more brazenly, arranging for 116 live to be loaded onto a jumbo jet and flown to Qatar.

But the economics are still lopsided even if the poachers are caught, with the punishment following conviction being as little as a $13 fine.

Pratik Patel, the chief executive of the African Wildlife Trust, said: “The situation is very chronic – we’ve seen evidence of the armed forces and rangers colluding with poachers.”

“You’re looking at very well-organised crime syndicates, spreading money around and buying services of government individuals.”

“It’s like the cocaine industry. Or the mafia. The money allocated to conservation is so minimal that it just can’t compete with that.”

Patel estimates that corruption rates among rangers in east are running at around 50%. While big-name national parks such as the Serengeti and Ngorongoro are generally safe from poachers, the majority of animals in Tanzania live in areas where protection is sparse or compromised.


“You have good rangers and you have bad rangers,” he said. “A shooter will be paid to kill the elephant and five or six people will hack the ivory off the body. They then ship it out in a concealed consignment for Malaysia or Vietnam.

“A lot of the shooters are in the military. They have armour piercing bullets and government vehicles. They can travel without being stopped. The rangers are paid to look the other way and give information on patrols.”

Patel said that the Chinese government should do more to crack down on the supply of ivory and rhino horn, given the booming demand for the products in the country.

But there is a growing realisation that the numbers, both financially and personnel-wise, are tipping in the poachers’ favour, placing rangers in an invidious position.

“Many rangers work for very low pay and don’t become corrupt,” said Willmore. “I’ve seen rangers refuse a bribe and say ‘I have no reward for this job, so all you can take from me is my integrity’.

“We want rangers to be rewarded better, but not just financially. They need respect and proper support from their governments. The governments also need to clean things up and get rid of the bad eggs.”

This article was written by Oliver Milman and published by The Guardian.

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Michele Jankelow

Surprise! Surprise! This is Africa!

Anne Grice

Corruption is rife in this despicable business at every level but these people dont care a dam about the future of their own country and people and are willing to allow the Asian countries to rape their country of every wildllife and soon they will be finished and they will walk away leaving those countered impoverished once more!!

Jane Mcconnell
Jane Mcconnell

the only way to stop this is to make ALL ivory and rhino horn illegal, a period of amnesty then the death penalty for having it in your possession. If we do anything less we wont have any elephants or rhinos left. trying to get a portion to be a legal trade has been shown to increase poaching. Asia has to be stopped regardless of cost.

Thomas Taylor

Would they still be worth shooting if the ivory had already been trimmed?

Doris Charles

We know some rangers take a backhand which is rife with some villagers they have no money so they will but their lives are at risk and in dire straites if caught or shot and leaves a wife and kids behind.

Thomas Taylor

Would they still be worth shooting if the ivory had already been trimmed?

Doris Charles

We know some rangers take a backhand which is rife with some villagers they have no money so they will but their lives are at risk and in dire straites if caught or shot and leaves a wife and kids behind.