Aug 212015

Year after year bird and wildlife watching, wins the hearts of thousands of tourists who want to relax from the hustle and bustle of the city and seek silence in natural environment.

Polesie is a unique place where you will be amazed at enchanting, wild landscapes, which are mostly unaffected by human activity. The fact that up to 250 bird species (almost a half of all bird species occurring in Poland) have their habitats in Polesie only adds to the uniqueness of this place.

Nature lovers, who plan a trip across spectacular Polesie, may choose one of thirteen bird tourist trails including walking, bicycle and car trails. The description of each trail can be found on the website:

It is a wonderful opportunity not only to get to know unusual bird species occurring in this region, but also to take advantage of other tourist attractions offered by the Commune Urszulin and the Polesie National Park.

In the Commune Urszulin in the Lublin Region up to 235 bird species can be found. Among them there are many unique and rare representatives of avifauna, for instance, the ferruginous duck in which is entered into Polish Red Book of Animals [Polska czerwona księga zwierząt], i.e. a list of most endangered species in Poland.

The ferruginous duck Aythya nyroca rears only one brood a year, at the turn of April and May. The female lays from 6 to 14 eggs in the nest and broods them for 25-28 days. The ferruginous duck is a diving duck and eats water plants with a small amount of invertebrates caught in water.

The ponds in Stary Brus, Pieszowola in the Polesie National Park as well as Lake Wytyckie belong to the most important breeding areas of the ferruginous duck in the country. The great grey owl, on the other hand, is an unusual species as it is one of the biggest owls in the world. It’s population in Poland amounts to barely 8 pairs.

The great grey owl Strix nebulosa is one of the biggest owls in the world and one of the rarest owls in Poland – the number of its population amounts to scarcely 8 pairs. At present it breeds in Poland only in Polesie – in 2010 first broods were discovered in the Sobiborskie Forests. In the Polesie National Park the great grey owl was observed already in 2006 whereas the current location of this rare owl is the neighbourhood of the Durne Marsh.

At present this species may be observed in the vicinity of the Durne Marsh in the Polesie National Park. Moreover, the greater spotted eagle is the rarest and the lesser spotted eagle is the most numerous breeding eagle in Poland. These eagles may be observed on the Krowie Marsh and in the Polesie National Park.

The great spotted eagle is the rarest breeding eagle species in Poland and the size of its population scarcely amounts to 12-20 pairs. The only area where the great spotted eagle breeds regularly are the Biebrzańskie Marshes – the brood of the great spotted eagle which has been discovered on the Krowie Marsh is unique in the scale of the entire country.

The real ornithological gem of this region is the aquatic warbler; the inconspicuous bird has its main global habitat on the vast marshes of Polesie. The aquatic warbler chose marshes and peat bogs situated within the Commune Urszulin and the Polesie National Park to be one out of ten most important areas for this species.

Other bird species which may be found in Polesie: the ruff, the jack snipe, the red-breasted goose, the curlew sandpiper, the little stint, the pallid harrier, the hen harrier, the black swan, the black grouse, the little egret, the purple heron, the Merlin, the great snipe, the white-backed woodpecker, the grey-headed woodpecker, the short-toed snake eagle, the horned lark, the red-crested pochard, the barred warbler, the red-footed falcon, the spotted-crake, the Eurasian curlew, the long-legged buzzard, the long-tailed duck, the tundra swan, the Caspian gull, the Mediterranean gull, the little gull, the European pied flycatcher, the black-throated loon, the red-throated loon, the golden eagle, the steppe eagle, the Rosy starling, the lapland longspur, the Eurasian eagle-owl, the saker falcon, the osprey, the grey plover, the peregrine falcon, the red-breasted merganser, the snow bunting, the red-throated pipit, the terek sandpiper, the velvet scoter, the short-eared owl, the parasitic jaeger, the Pomarine skua, the European bee-eater and many, many more.

The black stork Ciconia nigra is a very rare species in Poland. Its population amounts to barely 1400-1600 pairs. Some of the pairs regularly breed in Polesie.

Tourist trails crossing Polesie, observation towers, especially designated places of recreation as well as a broad accommodation base make it possible to plan an extraordinary few-day trip. Educational values related to this trip should not be underestimated.

Bird watching provides us with an opportunity to get closer to the nature and get to know rare bird species in their natural habitat. For parents and their children a joint adventure may be both a practical lesson in natural sciences and a great training of patience, composure and determination.

The Project „Urszulin – after work, Polesie” is a part of the region brand using ICT tools. Co-financed from the European funds and designated subsidy within the Regional Programme for the Lublin Province for 2007-2013, Priority Axis: II economic infrastructure, Measure 2.4, Scheme B.

The description of each trail can be found on the website: It is a wonderful opportunity not only to get to know unusual bird species occurring in this region, but also to take advantage of other tourist attractions offered by the Commune Urszulin and the Polesie National Park.


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